英语—强调句

2018-10-25 23:04:54   来源:变革空间   作者:沐风   评论:0
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句型结构:It is was + 被强调部分+ that who +句子剩余部分…可用下面方法识别强调句型: 把强调句的标志词 it is wa

句型结构:

It is / was + 被强调部分+ that / who +句子剩余部分…
可用下面方法识别强调句型: 把强调句的标志词 it is / was … that  拿掉,若能还原出句法结构完整的句子来,则为强调句,否则不是强调句。
It was eight o’clock ____ I left home.(     c   )
It was at eight o’clock ____ I left home.(    a   )
A. that    B. since      C. when       D. while

强调句型的一般疑问句形式。
 
一. 句式特征:Is/ Was it +被强调部分+ that…;
1.(1994 上海)Was it in 1969 ____ the American astronauts succeeded __d_ landing on the moon ?
A. when; on       B. that; on   
C. when; in       D. that; in
 
2.Could it be in the restaurant in ____ you had dinner with me yesterday __b__ you lost your handbag? A. that; which       B. which; that    
C. where; that       D. that; where
 
二、  结合特殊疑问词构成特殊疑问句形式。
句式特征:特殊疑问词+is/was it that…?

3._______ is it _______has made Peter _______he is today?
A. What; that; that           B. That; that; what
C. What; what; that          D. What; that; what
 
[简析]:本题结构复杂,乍看难以理清,请看下面两句:
It is determination that has made Peter what he is today.
对划线部分提问→What is it that has made Peter what he is today?
对照原题,则答案为D。


依此为据扩展开来可为:
4.How is it that she turned down our help? 什么原因使得…?
5.Where was it that you met Tom yesterday?  究竟在哪…?
6.When was it that you met him in the park?  究竟何时…?
7.When and where was it that you got to know Mary? 究竟在何时何地…?
8.Who was it that that came up with the bright idea? 究竟是谁…?
9.Which book is it that you want to buy? 究竟是哪一本书…?
10.Whose umbrella was it that you took away? 到底是谁的伞…?

三、 强调句型的反意疑问句形式
句式特征为:It is/was+被强调部分+that…,isn’t / wasn’t it?
11.It was Alice and her boyfriend who sent the old man to the hospital, ______?
A. do they    B. didn’t they   C. wasn’t it   D. was it
 
[简析]:答案C. 此种情况下疑问句中的主语应与强调句型中的主语it保持一致,不能和被强调部分中的名词或代词保持一致,并要遵守“前肯定后否定”的原则。

四、强调句型的感叹句形式。
 句式特征为:
 what/ how … it is (that) +主语+谓语!
 
12.What a beautiful picture it is (that) you have drawn!
13.How beautiful it is (that) your daughter is!

五、强调句型中的be动词和情态动词的结合。
句式特征:  It may be+ 被强调部分+ that … 
 It must have been+被强调部分+ that … 
Would/ Could it be +被强调部分+that…? 
 
20.It might have been John ______bought a new book for Mary yesterday.
A. what     B. since    C. that    D. then   
该题答案为C,许多考生误选其他的原因在于be的复杂化而看不出本句为强调句型。再如:
21.It may be next week that she leaves for Tokyo.


 六、强调句型和(not)……until句型的结合。
句式特征为:
It is/ was not until+被强调部分+that+其他部分
如:用强调句型对I didn’t leave until it got dark.中的划线部分进行强调,则变成:It was not until it got dark that I left.
 
27. It was not until he came back that I knew the result. 
[简析]:注意此种情况下否定词not要从原题的主句上转移到被强调的从句上,这也是否定转移的一种形式。


七、强调句型和名词性从句的结合。
句式特征为: 整个强调句型用作名词性从句;
           或者在强调句型中含有名词性从句。
 
22. I’ve already forgotten _________you put the dictionary.
A. that it was there               B. where was it that
C. that where it was              D. where it was that
[简析]:本题是经过变形的强调句型用作宾语从句的体现,为了更好地理解,我们分三步对其进行讨论。
第一步,复原→It was on the desk that I put the dictionary.
第二步,对划线部分提问→Where was it that you put the dictionary?
第三步,变为陈述语序,将其用作forgotten的宾语从句则变为:
I’ve already forgotten where it was that you put the dictionary.
与原题对比,答案应为D。
 
再看一个强调句型中含有同位语从句的例子:
23.It was at the very beginning ____Mr. Fox made the decision _____ we should send more firefighters there.
A. when; which    B. where; what    C. then; so     D. that; that
[简析]:本题答案为D。 第一个that为强调句型中的that;第二个that引导同位语从句,说明the decision的内容。

八、强调句型和定语从句的结合。
句式特征为:  在强调句型的被强调部分或其他部分中找出一个先行词,附上修饰该部分的定语从句,这样整个句子结构就变得非常复杂。应特别注意不要混淆定语从句的关系词和强调句型中的that/who部分。
 
24. It was in the small house _____was built with stones by his father ____he spent his childhood. 
    A. which; that           B. that; where    
    C. which; which         D. that; which
25. It was playing computer games that cost the boy plenty of time that he ought to have spent doing his lessons.
[简析]:划线部分作定语从句修饰先行词time。本题中有两个that,最大的误会就是把二者弄混,第一个that是强调句型中的;第二个that是关系代词引导定语从句的。因其作spent的宾语,可以省去。

26.Is _____three hours ______the boy _______family is poor to come to school on foot?
A. it; that; whose                  B. it; that it takes; whose
C. it for; that it takes; whose         D. it; when; that;
[简析]:本题结构复杂,是定语从句、强调句型的一般问句形式和句式It takes sb some time to do sth.的糅合。我们也分几步来看这个句子:
第一步:基本句式It takes the boy three hours to come to school on foot.
第二步:以the boy为先行词,后面附上定语从句,则变为:
It takes the boy whose family is poor three hours to come to school on foot.
第三步:用强调句型对上句中的划线部分进行强调,则变为:
It is three hours that it takes the boy whose family is poor to come to school on foot.
第四步:将上句变为一般疑问句即是该题,经对比可知答案应为B。 



 

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英语—复合句:
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英语—非谓语动词:
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英语—反意疑问句:
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英语—虚拟语气定义:
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英语时态讲解:
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英语—冠词、数词:
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英语常用词组:
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